Hypertension is a condition which is characterized by high blood pressure. Actually, when a person is found to have constantly high blood pressure readings, he/she is diagnosed to have hypertension. So, in one way, these terms can be utilized interchangeably. Hypertension is also known as a silent killer. It is the increased pressure of blood in the arteries.
Actually, blood pressure is the force of blood with which it pushes the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps. Blood pressure is typically recorded as the systolic pressure over the diastolic pressure. Generally, normal reading for blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg, but can vary from person to person and age of individual. But, at any time, if blood pressure reading is found consistently 140/90 mmHg or higher, it comes under category of high blood pressure. If this pressure rises and stays high consistently, it can damage the vital organs of the body. If untreated, it can result in cardiac arrest, kidney failure, stroke, injury to the brain and eyes, etc.
Per AHA (American Heart Association), high blood pressure affects about 1 in 4 persons in US and almost a third of them do not know they have it. Per the Association, hypertension is a major health problem as even children are now being found to be hypertensive.